Shipping has an impact on the environment and, conversely, climate change has repercussions for shipping. This is a key area where Shoreline is helping to build environmental awareness, industry-wide.
We are pleased to have as our environmental consultant Dr. Anthony Knap, Director & Professor, Geochemical and Environmental Research Group of Texas A&M University in Texas USA. Bermuda born, Anthony’s expertise is in the intersection between business and science, and especially the effects on regional and global climate and how these changes affect the oceans and business. He is a well-respected speaker, and panel and Board member, with oil spills a specialism. Anthony is experienced in running large organizations, including as former President and Director of the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences.
Below newsletters and articles are presented by Dr. Knap.
Exhaust Gas Scrubbers for Shipping
A subject of high controversy is the installation of exhaust gas scrubber on ships to reduce the sulphur emissions from stacks from ships which utilize high sulphur fuel. The IMO have established the regulation and ships have until 2020 to comply.
Effects of the Shipping Industry of Sound in the Sea
The shipping industry has been interested in Sound propagation primarily due to concerns of crew performance and safety. A noisy ship can have affects on crew tiredness etc. and therefore the IMO have introduced the Noise Code on board commercial ships (Resolution A.468[XII] IMO 1981). This code applies to all ships over 1600 G.T. there are a number of exceptions (pipe laying, offshore drilling units etc.). Overall this Code is designed to prevent hazardous noise. There are also regulations for passenger ships and are defined for Decibel (sound power) for specific passenger spaces.
Hurricane Harvey and Climate Change
Many people want to know if Hurricane Harvey was caused by a warming climate. The quick answer to the question is “Good Question”. Frankly we are in no position to tell categorically as land-falling hurricanes are rare events and we do not have the data of atmospheric circulation, ocean heat content and other parameters all together.
The Macondo Oil Spill: Environmental Perspective
The environmental perspective on the explosion and oil release from the Deepwater Horizon Offshore drilling rig
Oceans: Resetting the Ocean Conveyor Belt
When we think about the climate, we think about the atmosphere. Changes in the atmosphere – winds, clouds, precipitation, even thunderstorms – seem to give us weather, and it’s the accumulation of carbon and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere that is gradually warming the planet. But the atmosphere is just one part of the climate story, and it’s not even the biggest one.
Monitoring Climate Change in the Ocean's 'Most Studied Spot'
"The thing about oceanography is that it is a very collegial profession." So says Tony Knap, director of the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS), and given the backdrop – aboard BIOS's multimillion-dollar research ship the HSBC Atlantic Explorer, with the sun shining and the Atlantic Ocean rolling behind him – it's hard to argue.
Bermuda Atlantic Time-Series Study (BATS)
The longest continuous ocean time-series of seawater carbon dioxide levels and the impact of ocean acidification on seawater pH and aragonite (calcium carbonate) saturation states.